Baboons live in Africa and Arabia. Only five species are known to exist. Male members of the species are among the largest monkeys in the world. They typically weigh between 33 to 82 pounds or 15 to 37 kilograms. They are found in semi-arid habitats like the savannas, although quite a few live in tropical rain forests of Africa too. They are known for their ease in which they adapt to new situations, but their populations and numbers are dwindling because of the destruction of their natural habitats by humans.
Baboon spend a considerable part of their lives running around on trees. They use their hands to hold on to tree branches. They cannot use their tails for this purpose. They sleep on trees and even gather their food from trees. But they do spend a lot of their time on the ground too. They have pouches in their mouths for storing food in times of adversity. Male members of the species are double the size of the female members. Males have sharp and powerful canines that aid in their fights for dominance and protection of habitats.
They love to eat, and never leave an opportunity when they can eat. They love feasting on crops and this makes them a nightmare for farmers in Africa. Although they are known to have an appetite for meat too, they subsist on a diet of fruits and grasses. If they can get hold of seeds, or roots or barks of trees, they don't leave the opportunity. They are known to eat birds and rodents too. Their diet is also inclusive of baby antelopes and lambs.