The Indian elephant is not found only in India. It can be seen in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, Laos, Burma, Nepal, Pakistan, Thailand and Vietnam. The animal found itself in the good books of the humans by virtue of the services it delivers in the avenue of transportation of goods and people and even for fun-rides. They are known to be quite strong, but very friendly with humans.
The Indian elephant has differences with its African cousins in terms of the size of the ear. Indian elephants have smaller ears than their African counterparts. When it comes to having a curved spine, Indian elephants have a stronger and more angled spine. Female Indian elephants don't develop tusks. Even if they do, the tusks become visible only when the mouth is opened wide.
These elephants migrate in the monsoon season following predetermined routes. The entire herd is guided along the route of migration by the eldest member of the herd. They caused a lot of destruction to the farms that lie in their paths.
Their diet includes all sorts of green vegetation found in forests including grass found on the ground. They eat leaves and shoots of trees and plants. Their barks, and fruits also find their way to the stomach of elephants. Their long trunks are often helpful when it comes to gathering food.
Elephants are known to achieve sexual maturity when they are 10 years of age. They give birth to a single progeny after a gestation period of 22 months. An infant elephant is about 100kg in weight, and is cared for by all female members of the herd. It stays with the herd for the first five years of its life. Males tend to leave the herd after this, while females are absorbed into the herd.