Giraffe is the only animal that came out of the cauldron of evolution with a long neck and strong hooves. This makes it the tallest living animal ever. It can be seen grazing along in the open woodlands of sub-Saharan Africa. The long neck allows it to keep probing for green vegetation in tree-tops where other species and animals cannot reach.
Curiously, a giraffe's neck has almost the same number of bones as other hoofed animals. The difference lies in their length. Like most other animals, there are a couple of other species of giraffes in the world. In all, there are nine sub-species found all over the world. The individual members differ in the color and pattern of their coats and there are differences in the spot-like markings on their skin. It has a short tail which has a black tuft of hair at its end. The tail is used by the animal to keep flies away from its body.
They have become largely extinct in sub-Saharan Africa and even in northern Africa today with only a handful inhabiting central Africa. But there are areas and pockets in Africa where their population is known to be growing.
The giraffe has a white skin with markings red or brown in color. These markings are what make a giraffe different from other giraffes. They also serve to distinguish members of different species of giraffes. The size and color of the markings goes a long way in distinguishing individual giraffes. All members of the giraffe species have an excellent eyesight.