Penguins that have yellow feathers covering their eyes and the top of their heads are called crested penguins. They are natives of tropical rain forests of New Zealand. Other species of penguins also share their habitats in the islands of Stewart Island. These places are home to the yellow-eyed penguin and the little penguin.
A red beak and a black head are the distinctive features a crested penguin has. Besides this, it has strong flippers and a blue or black back. The underside of the penguin is white in color. The penguin's beak is also dotted by a few patches dotting both sides of the crested penguin's beak. There is a bright yellow eyebrow decorating the penguin. It lies behind the eyes on both sides of the head.
The crested penguin is social being living in colonies. Crested penguins spend most of the time on land in groups in colonies, but they do go out to sea with other members of the colony to hunt. They also like to hunt on their own.
Like all other species of penguins, the crested penguin is a carnivorous animal. Its diet is made up of only marine animals. Many species of fish find themselves in the stomach of the crested penguin with some squid. There are several small crustaceans that are an important part of their diet.
Crested penguins are at the receiving end of the fury of animals like seals. Fur seals and leopard seals regularly make the penguins a part of their diet. But so do killer whales and sharks.