Assam, West Bengal and parts of Nepal are believed to be the home of the Indian rhinoceros. This is a typically large mammal that feeds on grasslands. It has been brought to the verge of extinction. There are just 3,000 rhinos left in the wild. The huge structure of a rhino makes it the fifth largest animal to be found on land.
The Indian rhino has just a single horn on it. This is in stark comparison to other species that have two horns. The horn is used for defending the rhino, intimidating enemies and foes, digging up roots and branches of trees, and breaking through the foliage while feeding. It is made of keratin, which makes it quite strong and powerful. The horn finds itself as an ingredient of many popular medicines in the days gone by. They were even a part of witchcraft or sorcery practiced in those days. Incessant poaching of rhinos for their horns has brought them to be almost extinct today.
Rhinos bank on their powers to hear and smell the air around to get an idea of what is going around in the world. The ears can be rotated around to detect minute sounds. Their powerful sense of smell compliments all this. But they have a very poor eyesight.
The Indian rhinoceros is typically herbivorous. Its diet is mostly based on vegetables and plants. They are keen to discover leaves and berries in the densely vegetated sub-tropical forests. They are an excellent source of fruits and roots for the rhinos.
Its large size makes sure it has no natural predators except for some wild cats like lions and tigers. These cats often get hold of the young ones and devour them.