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The Tiger, a symbol of thriving ecosystem

The Tiger, a symbol of thriving ecosystem

Recently the tiger population in India showed a record growth, result of the efforts by conservation bodies and the government of India.  The largest cat on the planet weighs around 400 kilograms and has body length of 3.38 meters.

The most striking characteristic of this species is stripes of orange, white and black colors with thick fur. The ultimate predator in the jungles survives on the diet of deers and bovids. We all have seen him in hunting videos, where he systematically kills and eats his target.  The tiger require large patch of land to live and roam around, the main reason why the species have clashes with humans in many regions.

Around a century ago, tigers were common in the forests of Asia including islands of Java and Bali. According to the latest data, there has been loss in 93 percent tiger population in Asia.  Today, the creature is only limited to some regions in India and the Siberian taiga. Even the International Union for Conservation of the Nature (IUCN) has declared six subspecies as endangered as world tiger population is only somewhere between 3,062 and 3,948.  Large scale poaching for teeth, fur and nails along with habitat destruction due to deforestation are major causes for the reduction of tiger population.

Tiger has become part of the culture and mythology of the people. One of the most charismatic animals, the tiger is known as the symbol of power and thriving ecosystem. Countries like India, Bangladesh and Vietnam have declared the tiger as a national animal.

 

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